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Häufig gestellte Fragen

Tube Cane

Try a smaller diameter. Using a 10mm diameter will help give your reed openings a wider aperture.

Not really. The canes outward appearance does not really play a vital role in the canes response. However pieces of cane that are shaded in areas or uneven in colour have often received varying degrees of sunlight. This means the piece of cane will not be uniform. eg. One part may be denser than another, which means it won't vibrate easily.

We often get requests for "spotty" cane. This cane generally has the tendency to be quite hard and dense. So I think what you like is dense cane. You can find equally dense cane that is not spotty.


The reason she has told you this is probably because, very few pieces of cane are perfectly round. Using a cane splitter means you might be left with three pieces of cane who's diameter are not identical. If you have a reed gauge, select the pieces that suit your desired diameter.

Yes you can. However I would recommend investing in one. The reason being that blades for gouging machines can be complicated and costly to replace. A pre gouger will greatly improve the life length of your gouging machine blades.


The side thickness is directly related to the bed/blade ratio. If you have a 10.5mm bed you will need a blade with a greater diameter to have thinner sides. Eg. If you desire sides (measured on a shaped piece of cane) to be 20 thinner than the centre. For a 10.5mm bed you will need a 11.4mm blade and for a 10mm bed you will need a 10.9mm blade.

I think there are many good machines on the market. However, a gouging machine needs constant attention. Blades must be regularly sharpened and the machine must be adjusted regularly to make sure you are getting an even gouge. Either you buy a machine that is very easy to exchange (which are often the machines that are less accurate) or you choose a machine with the whos make is close or has a good overhaul service by post etc.


As a general rule (for European reeds), the wider you go the darker you go. Unfortunately at a price. The wider you go the more unstable certain notes become, namely low G, middle C etc. This can be compensated through choice of Staples. The narrower the staple the more stable these note become. You must find a compromise in the middle.

We have placed a chart (to be found as a link on both the cane and production pages) listing a comparison between most of the other shapers on the market and our Hortnagel equivalents.


I would strongly advise against learning reed making from book. Every individual oboe player has a different concept of sound, resistance reed making making has a lot to do with compromise and priorities. Many parameters of reed making help in one area and at the same time affect another. Each individual must sort out what they ....